Final Papers

Benson, B., Castro, B., Graf, J., & Pratt, M. (2008). The influence, importance, and expression of heterosexual same-sex male friendships. Unpublished manuscript. Azusa Pacific University.

ABSTRACT: This paper examines the implications and expression of heterosexual male friendships. Relationships are a necessary component of life and can impact overall well-being. Despite the typical stereotypes and societal straight jackets on males, researchers have determined men value and seek friendships. The foundation of male relationships from youth will be examined and utilized to explain future friendships and how male connections are typically displayed. The benefits of male friendships, loneliness when lacking friendships, aspects of intimacy regarding male friendships and the role of competition will also be further investigated.

Canterbury, J., Kindt, S. A., Selander, S., Vander Meer, K., Weinert, N., Wolfers, N., & Wright, C. (2008). Men and depression: From masculine norms and gender differences to symptoms, diagnosis, and treatment. Unpublished manuscript. Azusa Pacific University.

ABSTRACT: The focus of this paper is the multivalent manner of depression amongst men and how, by the careful study of five particular facets of this subject, one might better understand the depth and gravity of the depressed male. Instead of wading through one dimension of depression amongst men, this paper serves to provide an overview of the aspects of masculine norms, gender differences in the expression and experience of men with depression, the identification of symptoms, problems in proper diagnosis of depression, and ends with a look at treatment as part of the healing process. Masculine norms serve to keep men in a state of rigidity from the time they are boys. Gendered responses, experiences, and expression provide interesting feedback regarding the qualities of men battling depression, which is highlighted herein. The identification, diagnosis, and modification of the depressed man are also covered.

Cayem, D., Stierwalt, J., Sprawls, J., & McIlroy, J. (2008). Male communication in a heterosexual dating relationship. Unpublished manuscript. Azusa Pacific University.

ABSTRACT: Males and females are required to interact on a daily basis. However, men and women have been dealing with discrepancies in the way in which they communicate and are thus, unable to live a satisfying life. In search of the perfect mate men and women have recently been found to be more interested in personality traits. This means they are forced to express themselves more thoroughly, which demands increased communication (Lance, 1998). Furthermore, couples are socialized to fall into a cycle of demands and male withdrawal into themselves (Eldridge, Jones, Andrew, Sevier, Atkins, 2007). This study looks at the different factors and theories that play into heterosexual communication and offers implications for therapy and society.

Chase, L., May, S., Scott, H., Woods, K., & Youngblood, B. (2008). The fatherless epidemic: Rediscovering fatherhood’s Eden. Unpublished manuscript. Azusa Pacific University.

ABSRACT: The focus of this paper is to educate readers on the etiology and prevalence of fatherlessness in America. Original Sin and the Garden of Eden are used for philosophical, not biblical, examples of the origin of fatherhood and fatherlessness. Statistics are presented on the state of fatherlessness in America, including the aversive aspects of the present-abusive and present-emotionally absent father. Dr. Ronald Levant and David Blankenhorn are leading figures in the in the discussion on how to rectify the crisis of fatherhood, and their viewpoints will be analyzed in depth. A biblical perspectives will be applied as an additional perspective on the presence of headship in the family and fatherhood. A synthesis of perspectives will be provided.

Horriat, N. L., Madsen, T. P., & Okida, M. M. (2008). Men and affection: The examination of gender roles and masculine traits as factors affecting male affectional expression and the identification of distinct male expressional styles. Unpublished manuscript. Azusa Pacific University.

ABSTRACT: The present study considers many common conceptions and misconceptions regarding male relational capability, and specifically, trends in the expression of affection in romantic heterosexual relationship. This study is founded on research steeped in male relational observation and data regarding male relational trends pertaining to the demonstration of affection through many forms. Research is evaluated that expounds on traditional expectations of affection, especially those with comparative views towards naturalistic male styles of expression. This study is conducted in the hopes that some answers may be discovered regarding the questions of whether or not males are naturally deficient in affectional demonstration, or if instead they simply tend to express such affect through non-traditional means, thus leading to many of their affectional displays left subject to misinterpretation, misunderstanding, or misidentification, accounting for the common assumption that men are merely less affectionately capable or demonstrative.

Olivas, M., Liu, N., & Wallitsch, L. (2008). The study of men and sexual addictions. Unpublished manuscript. Azusa Pacific University.

ABSTRACT: Pornography has become one of the biggest industries in the world and is focusing on younger and younger targets. The repercussions of increased pornography use have had detrimental effects on men’s relationship with women as well as damaging themselves. Potential factors that create these addictions include dysfunctional relations, parenting, and bullying during adolescence. Personal reasons include shame, trauma and sexual abuse during one’s lifetime. To help offset these contributing elements, possible ideas include prevention plans, family therapy and therapeutic communities that are modeled after other addiction programs such as Alcoholics Anonymous. Sexual problems can lead to infidelity, yet it tends to go deeper as parental models, personal characteristics, and relationship factors that all play a role in contributing to an unfaithful partner.

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